Hebrew (and related) Language


Biblical Hebrew Lexica
  • Brown, Driver, and Briggs, A Hebrew and English lexicon of the Old Testament with an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramaic [based on Gesenius / Robinson] (Boston, 1907) [link]
  • E. Robinson, A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Including the Biblical Chaldee [from Gesenius], 20th ed. (Boston, 1871) [link]
  • B. Davies, A Compendious and Complete Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament, rev. E. C. Mitchell (Andover, 1886) [link]

  • J. L. Potter, An English-Hebrew Lexicon: Being a Complete Verbal Index to Gesenius' Hebrew Lexicon (New York, 1877) [link]

Biblical Hebrew Grammar
  • S. E. Fassberg and A. Hurvitz (eds.), Biblical Hebrew in Its Northwest Semitic Context: Typological and Historical Perspectives (2006) [limited preview]
  • P. Joüon and T. Muraoka, A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew, rev. ed. (2006) [limited preview]
  • E. C. Hostetter, An Elementary Grammar of Biblical Hebrew (2000) [limited preview]
  • B. K. Waltke and M. O'Connor, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax (1990) [limited preview]
  • H. Bauer and P. Leander, Historische Grammatik der hebräischen Sprache des Alten Testamentes (1922) [archive.org]
  • A. B. Davidson, Introductory Hebrew Grammar: Hebrew Syntax, 3rd ed. (Edinburgh, 1902) [link]
  • Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, ed./enlg. E. Kautzsch, tr. (from 25th ed.) G. W. Collins, rev. (to 26th ed.) A. E. Cowley (Oxford, 1898) [link] [alt. link]
  • S. R. Driver, A Treatise on the Use of the Tenses in Hebrew, 3rd ed. (Oxford, 1892) [link]

Rabbinic Hebrew
  • M. P. Fernández, An Introductory Grammar of Rabbinic Hebrew (Leiden, 1997) [limited preview]
  • A. Geiger, Lehr- und Lesebuch zur Sprache der Mischnah (Breslau, 1845) [link]

Aramaic
  • J. G. Palfrey, Elements of Chaldee, Syriac, Samaritan, and Rabbinical Grammar (Boston, 1835) [link]
  • S. D. Luzzato, Grammar of the Biblical Chaldaic Language and the Talmud Babli. Idioms, tr. by Goldammer (New York, 1876) [link]

  • H. L. Strack, Grammatik des Biblisch-Aramäischen, 6th ed. (Munich, 1921) [link]

  • M. L. Margolis, A Manual of the Aramaic Language of the Babylonian Talmud: Grammar, Chrestomathy and Glossaries (Munich, 1910) [link]
  • J. Levy (with H. L. Fleischer), Neuhebräisches und chaldäisches Wörterbuch über die Talmudim und Midraschim vol. 4 [pe - tav] (Leipzig, 1889) [link]
  • J. Levy, Chaldäisches Wörterbuch über die Targumim, 3rd ed., 2 vols. bound together (Leipzig, 1881) [link]

  • Aramaeische Urkunden zur Geschichte des Judentums im VI und V Jahrhundert vor Chr., ed. W. Staerk, Kleine Texte 32 (Bonn, 1908) [link]
  • Die Jüdisch-aramaeischen Papyri von Assuan, ed. W. Staerk, Kleine Texte 22/23 (Bonn, 1907) [link]

Syriac
  • J. Payne Smith (ed.), A Compendious Syriac Dictionary (Oxford, 1903) [archive.org] [Net Bible Library]
  • R. Payne Smith, Thesaurus Syriacus (Oxford, 1879), vol. 1 [archive.org]; vol. 2 [archive.org]
  • J. P. Margoliouth, Supplement to the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith (Oxford, 1927) [archive.org]
  • B. Davidson, The Elements of Syriac Grammar with Reading Lessons, new and rev. ed. (1906) [link]
  • C. Brockelmann, Syrische Grammatik mit Paradigmen, Literatur, Chrestomathie und Glossar, 2nd ed. (Berlin, 1905) [link]
  • R. D. Wilson, Introductory Syriac Method and Manual (New York, 1891) [link]
  • E. Nestle, Syriac Grammar, tr. R. S. Kennedy, 2nd ed., Porta Linguarum Orientalium (Berlin, 1889) [link]
  • T. Nöldeke, Kurzgefasste Syrische Grammatik (Leipzig, 1880) [link ]
  • G. Phillips, A Syriac Grammar, 3rd ed. (Cambridge, 1866) [link]
  • Uhlemann's Syriac Grammar, tr. E. Hutchinson ["with a course of exercises in Syriac grammar, and a chrestomathy and brief lexicon prepared by the translator" (New York, 1855) [link]
  • G. Phillips, The Elements of Syriac Grammar, 2nd ed. (London, 1845) [link]

Other Semitic Languages
  • C. Brockelmann, Kurzgefasste vergleichende Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen: Elemente der Laut- und Formenlehre (Berlin, 1908) [link]

  • A. Ungnad, Babylonisch-Assyrische Grammatik (Munich, 1906) [link]

  • G. A. Cooke, Textbook of North-Semitic Inscriptions (Oxford, 1903) [link]
  • H. F. B. Compston (ed.), The Inscription on the Stele of Méša’ commonly Called the Moabite Stone: The Text in Moabite and Hebrew, with Translation (London, 1919) [link]
  • M. A. Levy, Phönizisches Wörterbuch (Breslau, 1864) [link]

  • C. H. Gordon, Ugaritic Textbook (Rome, 1998 [repr.]) [limited preview]
  • S. Segert, A Basic Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (1985; repr. 1997) [limited preview]